Latest Discussion Papers

  • The Effects of Small Arms on Society

This discussion paper looks at some of the effects of small arms, light and bladed weapons on society. The paper is not intended to answer questions or propose solutions, rather look at these weapons as an element in our society. As such, they can have a range of effects on people’s lives, from providing an income to causing direct or indirect costs on individuals or the society as a whole. While no specific country is at the centre of this paper, various examples from around the world will be used to support the discussion, including the US, Switzerland and Yemen.


  • Water & Conflict

As water becomes scarce, and the demand for water increases with the global population growing, there are signs of existing water treaties between states being broken and weak responses by regional bodies in facing the challenge. Crucially, the areas most affected are those with the fastest growing and most poverty-stricken populations. This paper explores five areas of high risk of water conflict.


  • Urbanization and Violence

The growing global population is moving increasingly away from the countryside to an environment in cities unnatural to many agrarian communities. This paper explores in brief some of the complexities of this topic using an example of the Kenya’s Kibera district in Nairobi.