About Us


ICRA is led by Christopher Langton OBE who spent 32 years in the British Army. During this time he served in Northern Ireland, Russia, the South Caucasus where he was Deputy Chief of UNOMIG and held defence attaché appointments in Russia, the South Caucasus, and Central Asia. Subsequently he worked at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) for 9 years where he was the focus on Afghanistan. At IISS he held appointments as the Head of Defence Analysis, Editor of “The Military Balance” and Research Fellow for Russia before being appointed Senior Fellow for Conflict & Defence Diplomacy.

He has worked as an independent expert on the international investigation into the Russia-Georgia conflict of August 2008 and on the Kyrgyzstan Inquiry Commission investigating the violence that occurred in Southern Kyrgyzstan in 2010. Christopher was Advisor to the UK-China Conflict Prevention Working Group 2014-2015 under the aegis of Saferworld and supported by DFID.

His publications include:

  • The Military Balance 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 (Editor).
  • Afghanistan section of Strategic Survey 2007, 2008.
  • Strategic comments. “Suicide attacks” – a tactical weapon system”; “Afghanistan’s poppy crop”.
  • International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS); Adelphi Book 414-414 2010; Europe and Global Security Chapter 3; The Effects of Global Demographics.
  • Institute for Regional Studies (Islamabad). “Afghanistan’s importance for Future Peace and Stability in South Asia”.
  • Other: “Wild Blue Geraniums – aspects of conflict”. Collection of poems.

Elena Imbimbo Rathgeber is the Research Analyst and Assistant to ICRA. She holds a University Degree in Foreign Languages from Catholic University, Milan (Italy) and a Master’s Degree in International Journalism from City University, London (UK). She worked in the publishing and media industry in Italy, Switzerland and England. She now lives in the US. Elena carries out analysis of generic conflict issues and works extensively in preparing the ICRA training programmes and lessons in conflict management. She also researches and compiles ICRA’s Central Asia Journal.


Individual experts join ICRA’s network for projects and programmes specific to their areas of expertise.